1. What is the primary purpose of a network packet broker?
      • A network packet broker’s primary purpose is to introduce data filtration to improve the efficiency and functionality of monitoring tools.
    2. What types of filtering can basic packet brokers perform?
      • Basic packet brokers can perform Layer 2 through 4 filtering, including filtering on source and destination IP addresses, port numbers, VLANs, and more.
    3. How do basic packet brokers enhance tool capacity and scalability?
      • Basic packet brokers reduce the volume of data sent to monitoring tools, making better use of tool capacity and simplifying tool scalability.
    4. What analogy is used to describe the volume of data handled by basic packet brokers?
      • The analogy used is that, although the volume of data is less than before, it’s still like drinking from a fire hydrant for the tools.
    5. What additional functions can advanced packet brokers perform?
      • Advanced packet brokers can perform functions like traffic deduplication, packet trimming, protocol stripping, and deep buffering.
    6. How do advanced packet brokers minimize the traffic that tools must process?
      • They minimize traffic through deduplication, packet trimming, and protocol stripping, reducing the data that tools need to analyze.
    7. What is the benefit of packet trimming provided by advanced packet brokers?
      • Packet trimming removes the packet payload, if unnecessary, further reducing the data load on monitoring tools.
    8. What types of traffic do advanced packet brokers help tools analyze more efficiently?
      • Advanced packet brokers help tools analyze encapsulated traffic such as GPRS Tunneling Protocol, Multiprotocol Label Switching, and other tunneling protocols.
    9. What does deep buffering in advanced packet brokers achieve?
      • Deep buffering provides burst protection for tools operating at lower speeds, significantly reducing the traffic that tools must analyze.
    10. How does deep buffering improve the efficiency of monitoring solutions?
      • It ensures that monitoring tools receive a consistent flow of data, making the solution much more efficient.
    11. What additional intelligence can some packet brokers provide?
      • Some packet brokers offer advanced intelligence, including application identification, geolocation, user device type, and user browser type.
    12. How does application intelligence enhance packet brokers?
      • Application intelligence enables packet brokers to perform true signature-based application identification and filtering.
    13. What capabilities does application intelligence enable in packet brokers?
      • It allows packet brokers to correlate metadata information like geolocation, user device type, and user browser type, providing more control over monitoring.
    14. How does geolocation information contribute to the intelligence of packet brokers?
      • Geolocation information helps in identifying the source or destination of network traffic, improving monitoring accuracy.
    15. What information can user device type provide when using application intelligence?
      • User device type information helps in understanding the type of device generating or receiving network traffic, aiding in monitoring.
    16. What role does user browser type play in enhancing packet brokers?
      • User browser type information assists in identifying the web browser used for network activities, contributing to more detailed monitoring.
    17. What does signature-based application identification entail in packet brokers?
      • Signature-based application identification involves recognizing specific application patterns and signatures within network traffic.
    18. What is the importance of correlation of metadata information in packet brokers?
      • Correlating metadata information helps in providing contextual details about network traffic, making monitoring more comprehensive.
    19. How does advanced packet broker intelligence offer control over monitoring?
      • It offers precise control over what you want to monitor, ensuring that the right data goes to the right tools.
    20. Can packet brokers generate NetFlow metadata for tools?
      • Yes, some packet brokers can generate NetFlow metadata for tools, enhancing visibility.
    21. What data flow analogy is used to describe packet brokers with NetFlow metadata?
      • The figurative flow of data is the size of a garden hose, providing a balanced flow of data to tools.
    22. How does the figurative flow of data change with advanced packet brokers?
      • With advanced packet brokers, the right amount of data goes to the right tools, making data flow more efficient.
    23. What does it mean to have the right amount of data going to the right tools?
      • It means that monitoring tools receive the data they need, improving their efficiency and accuracy.
    24. How do advanced packet brokers make monitoring tools more intelligent?
      • They provide tools with access to data and intelligence in a way not possible with other visibility solutions.
    25. What unique capabilities do monitoring tools gain through advanced packet brokers?
      • Monitoring tools gain access to detailed contextual information, making them not only more efficient but also more intelligent.
    26. How do advanced packet brokers provide tools with access to data and intelligence?
      • They offer advanced functions, including application identification, metadata correlation, and precise filtering.
    27. In summary, what are the main functions of a network packet broker?
      • The main functions include filtering, load balancing, deduplication, trimming, protocol stripping, and application intelligence.
    28. How do packet brokers enhance the efficiency of monitoring tools?
      • They reduce the data load on tools, allowing them to focus on relevant data analysis instead of data processing functions.
    29. What is the significance of signature-based application identification in packet brokers?
      • Signature-based application identification helps identify specific applications in network traffic accurately.
    30. What are the benefits of having detailed contextual information for monitoring tools?
      • Detailed contextual information enables monitoring tools to operate with greater intelligence and precision, improving overall monitoring effectiveness.